An Operating room is a room which is present in the hospital. Operating room is also known as an operating suit as well as, operating theater. Operating theater is referred to a place where surgical operations would be carried out generally in an aseptic surroundings.
Operating rooms are generally known to be quite spacious, well-lit, in cleanroom, along with over-head surgical lights, moreover even, monitors and viewing screens. The operation rooms are normally windowless but recently, the windows are becoming widespread in recent or newly built theaters in order to provide clinical team operating or clinical teams with natural lighting and feature controlled humidity and temperature. The special kind of air handler filter the air and maintain a slight elevated pressure.
Simply the conditions and features present in an operating room can very dominantly influence the efficiency of the medical procedure that is performed also the summarized or the over-all health of the patient mainly concerning the prevention of the postoperative surgical infections.
The following are the different kinds of Operating rooms:
The known crucial equipment present in an operational theater are as follows:
The types of operational theater tables are as follows:
The following tables are used in various medical procedures such as pediatric, cardiovascular, gall bladder, gynecology and plastic surgery.
There are mainly three ( 3 ) types of operating rooms, and they are as follows:
These kind operating rooms were first introduced in the late part of the 90’s normally as a video routing system which was capable of distributing the video signals generally from one camera to other products or outputs became available. Over the period of some time, they evolved in a way that now it could be connected to the OR environment. Video, audio, building automation, Patient information, Surgical and room lights, and specialized equipment which could including the imaging devices, could all now communicate with one another.
The requirements of the hybrid operating room are basically based around imaging, like MR, CT, C-Arm or any other type of imaging, which is being brought into the surgery. Bringing the imaging into or close to the surgical space means that the patient won’t need to move around during a surgery, reducing the inconvenience and risk factor. All depending on the design of the operating rooms in hospitals, mobile or fixed hybrid operating rooms maybe built.
In the older days, the patient scans were used to be displayed by a light box. A digital operating room is a kind of a setup in which images and operating room videos integration and software sources are made possible. All the present data is then further connected to and displayed on a single device . This then goes beyond the simple control of software and devices which also allows the enrichment of medical data which would be within the operating room.
The main four ( 4 ) zones of an operational Theaters are as follows:
It usually includes :
It would usually include:
It includes sterile operation rooms.
Disposable areas from the corridor and the operational theater ultimately lead to disposable zone.
20’ x 20’ x 10’ feet is the general or a standard sizing of an operational room. All and all, it should be of 600 square feet.
The operation site is generally cleansed with an antibacterial solution in order to kill the bacteria around the areas and the patient is covered with a drape to maintain a certain level of safety barrier.
There are many types of operating room lightings, some of them are as follows:
The surgeon is considered to be the most important person, head or the senior most professional present inside of an operational room. Ultimately it’s the surgeon who ensures that the operation or a surgery should go perfectly fine with minimal or no potential of risk or complications.
The considered role of an operation theater is reviewing patient’s medical history, asking the patient’s question regarding to it, and further, observe the patients doing some specific tasks which has been assigned to them. Basically, to evaluate a patient’s conditions and needs.
Surgical gowns, cap, gloves and masks are the common kinds of garments that are worn by the surgeons during a surgery in an operating room.
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