A bandage is a piece of material that is used to support a medical device such as a dressing or splint, or to offer support to or limit movement of a part of the body. When used in combination with a dressing, the dressing is put directly to the wound, and a bandage is utilized to keep the dressing in place. Other bandages, such as elastic bandages used to relieve swelling or offer support to an injured ankle. Tight bandages can be used to limit blood flow to an extremity, such as a leg or arm that is bleeding profusely.
Bandages come in a variety of shapes and sizes, ranging from basic fabric strips to custom shaped bandages made for a certain limb or part of the body.
This blog will go through generic clothing strips, their shapes, and the fabrics they are made of.
Types of bandages according to generic clothes strips
- Gauze bandage (common gauze roller bandage). The gauze bandage is the most popular form of bandage, a woven strip of cloth with a Telfa absorbent barrier to prevent adhesion to wounds. A gauze bandage is available in a variety of thicknesses and lengths and may be used for practically any bandage application, including securing a dressing.
- Adhesive bandage. The adhesive bandage is a small medical dressing that is used for minor injuries that do not necessitate the use of a full-size bandage. The wound and scab are protected from friction, infection, injury, and dirt by the adhesive bandage. As a result, the body's recovery process is less disrupted.
- Liquid bandage. A liquid bandage is a topical skin treatment that is used to treat minor cuts and sores. The products are chemical mixes that form a polymeric coating that adheres to the skin. This keeps dirt and bacteria out of the wound while keeping moisture in.
- Compression bandage. The word "compression bandage" refers to a wide range of bandages used for a number of purposes.
- A limb is wrapped in short stretch compression bandages (usually for treatment of lymphedema or venous ulcers). This sort of bandage may shorten around the limb after application and hence does not apply increasing pressure during inactivity. This dynamic is known as resting pressure, and it is thought to be safe and comfortable for long-term therapy. When pressure is delivered by internal muscle contraction and joint movement, the bandage's stability generates a very high resistance to stretch. This force is referred to as working pressure.
- Long stretch compression bandages offer long stretch properties, allowing for easy adjustment of their high compressive power. They do, however, have a very high resting pressure and must be removed at night or when the patient is resting.
Types according to shape of the bandage
- Triangular bandage. A triangular bandage, also known as a cravat bandage, is a piece of cloth shaped into a right-angled triangle and frequently adorned with safety pins to keep it in place. It can be used as a sling when fully unrolled, as a standard bandage when folded, or for specialty purposes, such as on the head.
- Tube bandage. A tube bandage is braided in a continuous circle and applied with an applicator. It is used to keep bandages or splints on limbs or to offer support to sprains and strains in order to stop bleeding.
- Kirigami bandage. In 2016, a new form of bandage was developed that was inspired by the art of kirigami and employs parallel slits to better suit parts of the body that bend. The bandages were created using 3D-printed molds.
Types of Bandages according to its fabric
Bandages are made of continuous lengths of fabric with no joints. Their edges are trimmed uniformly and parallel to the warp threads. They are relatively free of loose threads. Bandages are often made of simple or treated cotton material, although some are also made of wool. In addition to this, there are certain bandages manufactured from textiles that comprise a mix of cotton and wool. Bandages may thus be classified into four types based on the fabric they are constructed of, as follows:
A. Plain Cotton cloth Bandages
- Open-wove Bandage: This is a white bandage with at least 43 threads per inch in the warp and 27 threads per inch in the weft. A 2 by 4 yard open-wove bandage weighs at least 12.96 g.
- Bleached Calico Bandage: This is a tightly woven white bandage with 67 threads per inch in the warp and 58 threads per inch in the weft. A 2 inch by 4 yard bleached calico bandage weighs at least 13.6 g.
- Muslin Bandage: This is a bandage made of thin threads that has been bleached. It is extremely tightly woven absorbent gauze. It has 48 threads per inch in the warp and 30 threads per inch in the weft. This bandage weighs no less than 3.25 g per square foot.
- Unbleached Calico Bandage: This bandage has 65 threads per inch in the warp and 60 threads per inch in the weft. This bandage weighs no less than 16.2 g per 2 in by 4 yd piece.
B. Treated Cotton cloth Bandages
These bandages are composed of cotton materials that have been treated in various ways to make them waterproof on one or both sides. They might be medicated or not. Among them are the following:
- Battiste: It is a bleached fabric that has been water-proofed on both sides using rubber. This is a bleached fabric similar to Battiste, however it is only waterproofed on one side with rubber.
- Oiled Cambric: This is a yellow cambric that has been treated with drying oils or oil-modified synthetic resins to make it water resistant.
- Zinc paste Bandage: It's a bleached open-wove bandage that's been impregnated with zinc oxide paste.
C. Wool-containing Bandage
These bandages are created from fabrics that are either wholly comprised of wool or a combination of wool and cotton threads. They consist of the following bandages:
- Flannel Bandage. This is made of woollen cloth that has had its threads elevated to make a nap. The warp has 26 threads per inch, whereas the weft has 28. The weight of a 2 in by 6 yd flannel bandage is 58.3 g.
- Domette Bandage. It's made of a blended fabric with cotton warp threads (no fewer than 40 per inch) and wool weft threads (not less than 22 per inch). This bandage measures 2 in by 6 yard and weighs at least 28.5 g.
- Crepe Bandage. This bandage is similarly made of a mixed fabric with wool and cotton threads in the warp and cotton threads alone in the weft. It does, however, contain at least 33.3 percent wool, which is what gives it its crepe texture. The bandage must be at least double the length of its unstretched state when completely extended. After one minute of being completely stretched, it must return to no more than two-thirds of its original length.
D. Silk Bandage
Silk fabrics are employed in the creation of several unique surgical dressings. The following is one of them:
- Oiled Silk Bandage. This bandage is made of 100% silk fabric with a warp thread count of 120 and a weft thread count of 85. The cloth is treated with an appropriate drying oil or an oil modified synthetic resin to make the bandage entirely waterproof. An appropriate dye can be used to colour it green.
5 Best Bandages in India
3M Durapore Surgical Tape Roll
Surgical 3M Durapore Tape is a thick, silk-like textile medical tape that gives stability and resists stretching. The backing is made of a strong, silk-like fabric that adds support while resisting stretching. It can be used in difficult applications due to its high adhesive strength. It's perfect for fastening large dressings and devices. It helps to immobilise fingers and toes, as well as to keep finger splints in place.
- High strength, versatile,conformable
- Adheres well to dry skin
- Convenient bidirectional tear
- It contains no natural rubber latex and is hypoallergenic.
- Silk-like cloth, hypoallergenic tape
- Silk-like cloth tape with no stretch for high-strength applications.
- It can be used to secure tubes and devices, anchor bulky dressings, immobilise fingers and toes, and stabilise finger splints.
3M Eletroplast EAB Elastic Adhesive Bandage
For post-operative dressings, the 3M Elastic Adhesive Bandage is suitable. It fits the patient's anatomy completely, is incredibly pleasant, and has a high level of adhesion. This bandage may be used to secure irregularly contoured parts. Its elastic material maintains a strong grasp on the body while also providing compression to reduce edema or swelling and allowing for movement.
- Strong adhesion to secure heavy dressings and devices
- has a metallic container for individual packaging
- includes a high-elastic backing that offers compression for edoema and swelling control
- accommodates swelling or movement
- easily stretches, securing irregularly contoured sites.
- The bandage has fast edges that allow it to stay in place
- It stretches in reaction to swelling or movement to protect the skin from mechanical harm.
- It's stretchy, which means it may give compression, grip, and extra comfort.
Cotton Bandages Woven Fabricated
- The first aid bandage is a non-adhesive bandage that offers compressive post-surgery or mild orthopaedic support.
- They're great for hard-to-reach parts of the body that aren't easy to dress.
- When compression is needed to control, the bandage can be wrapped and fastened securely.
- This bandage features non-fray edges and is incredibly soft, enhancing comfort and protecting the skin.
- Any age group can use a first aid bandage.
- A first aid bandage is a cotton bandage that provides mild support, such as stretching and regaining movement.
- It's constructed entirely of high-twist cotton and rayon yarns.
- White is the colour.
Dynaplast Elastic Adhesive Bandage
These Bandages are Flesh Colored with Porous Adhesive, which extends the life of the bandage. They're easy to use and should be in every household's first-aid kit.
These bandages are a sort of light bandage that supports sore joints and other body parts that have been affected by sprains, jerks, sudden compressions, varicose veins, dislocations, and other injuries.
- Light weight, ideal sized bandage.
- Good Adhesion
- Easy to wrap and very comfortable
- Flexible, comfortable and easy to wrap.
- The bandage pack includes an extra safety pin.
- Washing renews elasticity of the bandage.
- Non-fraying edges.
- Easily washable with lukewarm water.
- It has good extensibility due to its outstanding elasticity, and it quickly returns to its neutral state after stretching.
- Can be utilised as a pressure bandage in burns and skin grafts, as well as a compression bandage for all orthopaedic purposes.
Elastic Compression Crepe Bandage
Premium polyester is used to make this crepe elastic bandage wrap. It gives you the finest results since it keeps your muscles tight. When completely stretched, each compression crepe bandage measures up to 13 feet in length. The crepe bandage's length is long enough to wrap around most ankles, knees, and wrists.
- Comfortable and Safe Closure : The crepe bandage comes with two bandage clips, which are the most effective means of keeping the wrap in place.
- Individually packed: Until you're ready to use them, crepe bandages are kept in a protective wrapping. This maintains your crepe bandage clean and free of debris, reducing the risk of an adverse reaction in the event of an injury.
- Extra clips: Having some backups is usually a smart idea. You'll have another to fasten your wrap if you're coping with a persistent injury or if you lose one.